Introduction: Anemia occurs in 60% to 80 % of patients with newly diagnosed myeloma multiplex (MM). The cause of anemia in MM is probably multi factorial and involved among the others hepcidin and some cytokines, especially interleukine-6. Anemia in MM is one of the risk factor used in Durie-Salmon classification for staging and prognostic score. Treatment options are set according to this score with most significant impact on survival. Aim: To estimate baseline level of serum hepcidin, IL-6 and iron metabolism markers in anemic MM patients, possible role of hepcidin and its interaction with IL-6. Methods: 27 patients with newly diagnosed MM were enrolled in this observational, prospective study and age, gender matched 60 healthy controls. Erythrocyte count, hemoglobin, serum hepcidin, interleukin-6, iron, ferritin and transferrin were measured. Results: Anemia was diagnosed in 70% of MM patients. Serum hepcidin was significantly higher in MM group (55.5 ng/mL) than in control 5.9 ng/mL (p=0000). In myeloma patients serum IL-6 was 3.59 pg/mL, anemic 3.80 pg/mL, non-anemic 0.33 pg/mL, without significant difference. It was not found significant correlation between hepcidin and IL-6 in anemic myeloma patients. Conclusion: High level of hepcidin probably causes anemia in MM but its high expression is not due only to IL-6.
[Med Arch 2016; 70(6.000): 429-432]
multiple myeloma, hepcidin, anemia, interleukin-6