Introduction: Cardiovascular complications in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage are considered to be a neurally mediated process rather than a manifestation of coronary artery disease. Aim: The aim of study is to show the incidence and type cardiac complications after traumatic and spontaneous SAH. Patients and methods: The study had prospective character in which included 104 patients, with diagnosed subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), in the period from 2014 to 2017. Two groups of patients were formed. Group I: patients with SAH caused by the rupture of a brain aneurysm. Group II: patients with SAH after traumatic brain injury. Results: Electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities was predominant after traumatic brain injury 74 %, with statistically significant difference atrial fibrillation 42.5 % (p = 0.043) and sinus bradycardia 31.4 % (p = 0.05). Hypertension are predominant in patients with spontaneous SAH with statistically significant difference (15 (27.7%) vs 36 (72%) p=0.034) and hypotension in group II (10 (18.5%) vs 2 (4%) p = 0.021 ) with traumatic SAH patients. The time in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for traumatic SAH group was 6.1 ± 5.2 days and 3.9 ± 1.16 for spontaneous SAH group with statistical significance (p = 0.046). Respiratory support time was longer in traumatic SAH group (39.4 ± 23.44 vs. 15.66 ± 22.78) with p = 0.043. Conclusion: Cardiac dysfunction in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage are considered to be a neurally mediated process rather than a manifestation of coronary artery disease. Early treatment of cerebral injury could be reduce incidence of cardiac complications after traumatic brain injury. Cardiac dysfunction in patients with SAH is still very high, despite substantial qualitative progress in their treatment.
[Med Arch 2018; 72(5.000): 316-318]
subarachnoid hemorrhage, cardiac dysfunction, brain injury