Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP ) is a benign disease frequently found in younger and healthy-looking persons. It requires a surgical treatment in about 30-40% of cases. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has been recently introduced as a reliable alternative method to the classic thoracotomy. The aim of this paper is to establish and compare the length of surgical procedure, pain intensity, number and kind of postsurgical complications during the procedure for the patients with PNTX treated by VATS in relation to the patients with PNTX treated by thoracotomy. This is a retrospective study. The patients are divided into two groups: the first group of 50 patients treated with VATS and the second group of 50 patients treated with thoracotomy. The results obtained show a significantly shorter surgery duration in the group of the patients treated with VATS in relation to the group of patients treated by thoracotomy (p‹0,001). Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is characterized by a significantly low intensity of postsurgical pain in relation to thoracotomy (p‹0,001). The number and kind of postsurgical complications are similar in both target groups (p›0,05). Only one relapse occurred in the VATS group. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery improves patients’ life quality in relation to the thoracotomy patients. The patients return to work, or to sport activities after a very short time because of minimal sequels. That is why this method represents an obvious socio-economic interest. Today, in the era of a great video-development, VATS method is a treatment of choice for PSP. [Med Arch 2010; 64(1.000): 22-24]

spontaneous pneumothorax, VATS, thoracotomy

Medical Archives is official journal of Academy of Medical Sciences 
in Bosnia and Herzegovina
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