Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in most countries. The aim was to examine the quality of life and to determine the differences in the quality of life in patients one year after myocardial infarction and the relationship between quality of life and echocardiographic parameters in these patients. Material and Methods: The research was a prospective, clinical, epidemiological study and was conducted at the Clinic of Cardiology, University Clinical Center Sarajevo (UCCS). The research was conducted on a sample of 160 patients who had acute myocardial infarction, which are based on the therapeutic procedures divided into four groups. The average age in the total sample was 54.9±8.8 years (range 37-76 years). The research was conducted one year after myocardial infarction (I group of subjects) or 12 months after PCI therapeutic procedures (II and III group of respondents) or coronary artery bypass surgery (IV group of respondents). Results: Comparison of the mean scores of scales in SF-36 questionnaire showed that the highest total score had patients in the group II 67.3±15.2, and the lowest in the group I 57.8±21.4. The increase in ejection fraction leads to a statistically significant increase in quality of life scores at all subscales, in all groups, so that EF has the greatest impact on the quality of life in all respondents. Statistically significant differences in the effects of mitral regurgitation in particular groups have been recorded only in the case of the mental health scale. Conclusions: Ejection fraction has the greatest impact on the quality of life in all patients, regardless of the type of medical treatment.
[Med Arch 2016; 70(6.000): 419-424]
acute myocardial infarction, echocardiography, quality of life